Shiv Sena’s fascism is now at a phase similar to that of Hitler in the mid-1930s. It is quite possible that the next target of the creeping fascist forces could be the Gujarati community which is much wealthier and owns most of the businesses and trade in Mumbai. They are, till now, indifferent to the fate of the victims of Shiv Sena. Thomas, T., " A Case of Creeping Fascism", Business Standard, Mumbai, 06 September
2001.[CJ06.060901BSB j06_/06sep01bsb1.html ]


"Ghettos Of The Mind Mushroom in City"
Shabnam Minwalla, The Times of India, Mumbai, 14 December 2002. [C.J06.141202TOI]

"Ghettos erode city's cosmopolitan spirit"
Ahmed Abbas Rizvi, The Times of India, Mumbai, 11 December 2002. [C.J06I]. /eldoc/j06_/11dec02toi1.html

Communal forces have always played on the fear that Hindus will be reduced to a miniority in their own country because Muslims marry four times and don't beleive in family planning.
" For God's Sake!" Ghazala Wahab, The Telegraph, Kolkatta, 07 December2002, [C.L53], /eldoc/urban_issues/uu1_M054.html

'Cheers From Mohammed Ali Road', What India Must Know About This Fusillade of Firecrackers"
Samar Halarnkar, The Indian Express, Mumbai, 06 March 2003. [C.L53c.060303IE]

"Mini-Pakistan? Here, It Was India All The Way"
Sweta Ramanujan, The Indian Express, Mumbai, 02 March 2003. [C.L53c.020303IE]

"Versova Residents Face Encroachers' Wrath in Fight for Garden Space"
A Staff Reporter, TheTimes of India, Mumbai, 07 March 2001. [C.J33.070301]

"Civic Row Over Vande Mataram"
Times News Network, The Times of India, Mumbai, 15 October 2002. [C. L53.151002TOI]


"Institutionalized Communalism in the Police Force"
Colin Gonsalves, Combat Law, Mumbai, April-May 2002. P. 44-46. [C.L53.010402]

"Police Still to Exorcise Ghost of '93"
Anil Singh, The Times of India, Mumbai, 05 December 2002. [C.L53.051202TOI]

"Salt in the Wounds: Communalism & The State in Bombay"
Lokshahi Hakk Sanghatana, Mumbai, July 1993. P. 1-15, 16-27. [R.L53.31].

'Application of Section 153 A Hinges on the Offender's Status'
Anil Singh, The Times of India, Mumbai, 04 November 2002. [C.L53.041102TOI]

"Playing Into the Sangh's Hands'
Kalpana Sharma, The Hindu, Bangalore, 24 August 2002.[C.L53c.240802H]

"Cardinal Protests Coercion in School Admissions"
Times News Network, The Times of India, Mumbai, 31 July 2002.[C.L62.310702TOI]


Politicians and religious leaders have been quoted extremely on the recent communal impasse. But what about the youth, who are in many ways most affected by the issue? What do they think? Do they have any solution to the Ayodhya dispute? Are they even interested? Bombay Times commissioned ORG-Marg to survey Mumbai youths to find out what they think.
"City Youth Gives Thumbs Down To Communalism", The Times of India, Mumbai,15 March 2002, [C.L53b], /eldoc/urban_issues/uu1_M056.html

How do we repair Hindu-Muslim relations, which have reached the nadir, especial after the recent happenings? I have tried in my humble way, through my speeches and writings, to impress upon my co-religionists to give up their confrontationist attitude towards Hindus whatever the provocation and try to arrive at a consensus with them on controversial issues...
Dr. Rafiq Zakaria, "Stop Distrusting Muslims", The Asian Age, Bombay, 09 January 2003, [C.L61], /eldoc/urban_issues/uu1_M053.html

ENOUGH has been said about the Ayodhya episode — its legal status and its law and order  dimensions. We have also seen how the larger political community tends to escape its responsibility,  refuses to negotiate with real cultural-civilisational issues, and reduces the Supreme Court to a  scapegoat.
Avijit Pathak, "A temple for us all" , 08 Nov 2003, [C.L54] docsweb/urban-issues/ghetto1-ud.html

"Human Rights Activists Advise Restraint"
Anil Singh, The Times of India, Mumbai, 04 December 2002. [C.L53.041202TOI]

"Students Draw Up Strategy to Counter Hate-Mongers"
Shabnam Minwalla, The Times of India, Mumbai, 04 August 2002. [C.L53c.040802TOI]

"Now, Communal Harmony Lessons in Schools, Colleges"
Haima Deshpande, The Indian Express, Mumbai, 06 December 2002. [C. L53c.061202IE]

'Gen X Urged to Say S to Secularism"
Namita Devidayal, The Times of India, Mumbai, 06 December 2002. [C.L53c.061202TOI]

"College Offers Course in Peace Education"
Deepa A., The Times of India, Mumbai, 06 January 2003. [C.L53c.060103TOI]

'We Are One' Say Kids at National Integration Camp"
Express News Service, The Indian Express, Mumbai, 29 December 2002. [C.L53c.291202IE]

"How Mumbai Battles Communal Cancer"
Anil Singh and Nina Martyris, The Times of India, Mumbai, 29 September 2002. [C.L53c.290902TOI]

"City Pads Up For Fight Against Communalism"
Times News Network, The Times of India, Mumbai, 02 February 2003. [C.L53c.020203TOI]

"Festival Urges City to 'Reclaim Its Freedom"
Gunvanthi Balaram, The Times of India, Mumbai, 05 August 2002. [C.L53c.050802TOI]

"Giving Peace a Chance"
Aruna Chakravorty, Humanscape, Mumbai, 01 April 2003. P. 17-18. [C.L53c.010403HUS].

"Church for all: The Bombay Archdiocesan Synod held Recently Decided to Evolve
the Catholic Church in Mumbai From Just a Place of Worship by Reaching out to the
Community, Irrespective of Religion"
Manoj Nair, The Mid-Day, Mumbai, 04 February 2001[C.L62.040201MID]

"Bombay Mohalla Committees : Case Study"
Kalpana Sharma, December 1997, [C.R L53c.1],  /eldoc/urban_issues/uu1_M055.html


Bombay has achieved the dubious distinction of setting an all India record of communal madness under the leadership of the Chief Minister of Maharashtra who has lost will to govern and has yet strong will to continue in the set of power. Whole Bombay is burning when these lines are being written. The city has begun to limp back to normalcy after the riots of 6-12 December which erupted after the demolition of Babari Masjid.
Asghar Ali Engineer, "Bombay Shames India"- Paper on Communal Riots,Institute of Islamic Studies, Mumbai. February, 1993, [C. L53a],  /eldoc/urban_issues/uu1_M052.html

The 1993 communal riots of Mumbai, in which over 1,000 people were killed, have had far-reaching effects, including changes in the spatial concentration of the city, the attitude of Muslims  towards the government and the political parties, and the way the residents perceive their city.
Kaur, Naunidhi, "Mumbai: A Decade after Riots", 08 Nov 2003, [C.L53a], /docsweb/urban-issues/ghetto-ud.html

"What Bombay Teaches Us"
Darryl D'Monte, When Bombay Burned, Dileep Padgaonkar (Ed), UBSPD, 1993. P. 291-301, 178-185. [B.L53a.P.1].

'The Usual Senantics', Will the State Contain Thackeray and His 'Suicide Squads?"
Priyanka Kakodkar, Outlook, New Delhi, 28 October 2002. P. 14. [C.L53.281002OUT]

"Renaming Ceremony', Pramila Phatarphekar, Outlook, New Delhi, 15 April 2002 [C.L60.150402OUT]

"Fear, Uncertainty Grip Thane Catholics"
Express News Service, The Indian Express, Mumbai,18 August 2001 [C.L62.180801]

"BCS Demands Ban on Bajrang Dal", The Asian age, Mumbai, 12 August 2001 [C.L62.120801AA]

'We Will Not Tolerate Conversions'
Times News Network, The Times of India, Mumbai, 13 August 2001 [C.L62.130801TOI]

"Priest, Deputy Hurt in Dharavi Church Attack"
Express News Service, The Indian Express, Mumbai, 16 August 2001 [C.L62.160801IE]

'Schools Reluctant to Give Premises to Christian Sects"
Anil Singh, The Times of India, Mumbai, 14 November 2002. [C.L62.141102TOI]

'Saffron Brigade Not Behind Attacks on Converts'
Anil Singh, The Times of India, Mumbai, 05 January 2003. [C.L62.050103TOI]

"Radhabai Chawl: A Decade of Trying to Rebuild Trust"
Naresh Fernandes, The Times of India,Mumbai, 06 December 2002. [C.L53.061202TOI]

"Malegaon Riots, Special Report"
Indian Journal of Secularism, Mumbai, Jan-March 2002. P79-99. [J.010102IJS]

"Kalyan Riots: A Case Of Containment Of A Communal Spark, (CPDR, Mumbai Fact Finding Report)"
Indian Journal of Secularism, Mumbai, July-September 2002. P. 110-119. [J.010702IJS]

"Bombay Riots, The Myths and Realities", Lokshahi Hakk Sanghatna & CPDR, Mumbai, March 1993. [R.L53b.16].

"Asangaon Riots: A Fact Finding Report - Papers on Communal Riots"
Asghar Ali Engineer, Centre for Study of Society and Secularism, Mumbai, 01 December 1994. P. 1-5. [R.L53a.27].

Recent Communal Scenarios Elsewhere in India, and
some thought-provoking articles

'Wages of Unreason' The Principal Question is Whether India Can Preserve Its Secular Character"
Sham Lal, The Telegraph, Kolkatta, 28 November 2002. [C.L53.281102TEL]

'Another Ominous December', VHP Sees a Potential Ayodhya in a Karnataka Sufi Shrine
N. Bhanutej, The Week, Chennai, 12 January 2003. [C.L53.120103WEK]

'Christians Are More Indigenous Than Upper-Caste Hindus'
Parshuram Ray, Humanscape, Mumbai, 01 December 2000. P. 24-26. [C.L62.011200HUS]

'The Reductionist Fallacy, Understanding Communalism'
Asghar Ali Engineer, Deccan Herald, Bangalore, 06 October 2002. [C.L53.061002DH]

'The New Minority', 'We Can't Be Seen Saying, Go Soft on Muslim Fundamentalists'
Bishakha De Sarkar, The Telegraph, Kolkatta, 08 December 2002. [C.L53.081202TEL]

"Hum Hai Hindustani"
Manoj Nair, Mid-Day, Mumbai, 05 November 2000. [C.L62.051100MID]

'Salt of the Earth- India's Christians'
Teesta Setalvad, Communalism Combat, Mumbai, 01December 2000. [C.L62.011202CC]

"Bosco Made an Enormous Contribution to me as a Person"
Mahesh Bhatt, Communalism Combat, Mumbai, December 2000. [C.011200CT]

"The Saffron Strategy"
Lyla Bavadam, Frontline, Madras, 26 Sept 2003, [C.R19b.], /eldoc/r19b/26sep03frn4.htm

"Mirrors of Violence: Communities, Riots and Survivors
in South Asia", Veena Das, ed., New York 1990. (C. B.L53a.D2)