"Survey of the environment 2000". The Hindu, Chennai, 2000. [R.E10.23].

Snehal Fernandes, A green revolution, Indian Express. Mumbai, 6 November 2003,  [C.J06.06nov03ie3.html ] http://cities.expressindia.com/fullstory.php?newsid=67321


For a growing number of people in Mumbai, if their house is not lost to the bulldozer, it could he lost to the sea. Mangroves act as windshields as well as natural barriers to curtail the onslaught of tidal waves, prevent soil erosion, replenish oxygen and serve as a nursery for marine species.
Vidyadhar Date, "Reclamation Leads to Erosion Along Coastal Mumbai", The Times of India, Mumbai, 18 October 2000, [C.E31b.uu1_M041.html ]

Legal and illegal reclamations have choked Mumbai's natural drainages, including those at Dadar Chowpatty, Mahim Creek, Bandra-Kurla, Versova, Gorai and Navi Mumbai. The most scary ecological mistake is the reclamation of the Mahim Creek and bay area: The Bandra-Worli link road. Bittu Sahgal, "Reclamation (Or Make That Wrecklamation) is Killing Mumbai", The Times of India, Mumbai, 23 July 2000, [C.E31b], /eldoc/urban_issues/uu1_M042.html

Vidyadhar Date, "Reclamation, desilting works choke Mahim creek", The Times of India, Mumbai, 03 April 2002. [C.E31b.030402TOI].

Anuradha Nagaraj, "MSRDC blames mosquitoes for extra reclamation!", The Indian Express, 31 January 2000. [C.E31b.310100IE].

Our Correspondent, 'Reclamation has led to a rise in sea level', The Asian Age, 25 June 2000,


Vinu Lal & Manju Mehta, "BMC Goes 'Eco-Friendly', Bans TDR in Coastal Zone", The Indian Express, Mumbai, 29 September 2000. [C.E31b.290900IE].

Udupi, "CRZ Act amendment: govt seeks suggestions", Deccan Herald, Bangalore, 8 March 2002. [C.E31b.080302DH].

Vaishnavi C. Sekhar, "Greens oppose relaxations in CRZ rules", The Times of India, Mumbai, 20 February 2002. [C.E31b.200202TOI].

J. Venkatesan, "Coastal zone regulations to be amended", The Hindu, 24 January 2002.

Express News Service, "Centre steps in to protect Versova coast", The Indian Express, Mumbai, 22 October 2001. [C.E31b.221001IE].

Rajeshri Mehta, "State to okay residential buildings under CRZ", The Asian Age, Mumbai, 12 March 2001. [C.E31b.120301AA].

Nauzer Bharucha, "State asks Centre to relax building rules on sea front", The Times of India, Mumbai, 14 March 2002. [C.E31b.140302TOI].

Nauzer Bharucha, "Move to ease coastal regulation norms pitchforks state govt into
controversy", The Times of India, Mumbai, 17 March 2002. [C.E31b.170302TOI].

Pollution in Bombay

To control the various types of pollution from the above sources, the Government of India had enacted the Water Act, 1974, amended in 1978 and 1988; Air Act, 1981, amended in 1987, and Environment (Protection) Act in 1986. Mr D. R. Rasal "Pollution Control in Bombay"; a Chapter in David M. D. (Ed), 'Urban Explosion of Mumbai : Restructuring of Growth',  Himalaya Publishing House, Mumbai. April 1996, [C.J06], /eldoc/urban_issues/uu1_M049.html

Pollution and Health, Population Reports (?)01/05/2003. [C.J50. /eldoc/j50_/01may03por3.html  ]

Mumbai Cleans Up, Population Reports, (?)01/05/2003. [C. D70d . /eldoc/d70d/01may03por6.html ]

Anil Agarwal, When will India be able to control pollution? Down To Earth,15/04/2000  [C.E30. /eldoc/e30_/15apr00dte.html ] http://www.cseindia.org/hindu.htm


A central act in 1981 provides for Central Board for prevention and Control of Air Pollution,
Air (Prevention & Control Pollution) Act, 1981 and the Air (prevention and Control of Pollution Amendment Act 1987. Official Gazette Government of Goa, Daman, Diu Series 1 No 39. pp 365-369. [C.E10.28121982].]

Meena Menon, "Breathless in Mumbai", Survey of the Environment 2000, The Hindu,
Chennai, [C.E10], /eldoc/urban_issues/uu1_M048.html

Express News Service, "BMC gears up to arrest air pollution", The Indian Express, Mumbai, 05 December 2002. [C.J33.051202IE].

The Times of India News Service, 'Increased use of cars leads to global warming', The Times of India, Mumbai, 17 July 2001. [C.J20.170701TOI].

Vaishnavi C.Sekhar,"CNG Is Best Option For Mumbai, Says Study", The Times of India,
Mumbai, 03 February 2003, [C. J32], /eldoc/urban_issues/uu1_M047.html

M. Ahmed, 'India rejects pollution norms in civil aviation', Level of air traffice not enough to pose a threat to environment, argues DGCA, Business Standard, New Delhi, 26 October 1995.[C.E34.261095BSB].

Vaishnavi C. Sekhar, "New pollution data comes as a breath of fresh air", The Telegraph,
Calcutta, 26 February 2003. [C.E31c.260203TEL].

Reshma Patil, 'Can you survive Mumbai's air anywhere?', Vile parle has the foulest air, Colaba the cleanest. It also depends on which of the various authorities you ask - and when", The Indian Express, Mumbai, 3 February 2003. [C.E31c.030203IE].

Vaishnavi C. Sekhar, "Western suburbs have become pollution hot spots: study", The Times of India, Mumbai, 3 December 2002. [C.E31c.031202TOI].

Times News Network, "It is nice and cool, but watch out for smog", The Times of India, Mumbai, 28 November 2002. [C.E31c.281102TOI].

ANIL AGARWAL, "Pollution is snuffing us out", Hindu, Madras, 23 January 2000, [C.E31], /eldoc/e31_/23jan00h1.html

"Asthmatics brace themselves for D-Day", 24 October 2003, Times of India, Bombay, [C.E31c.], /eldoc/e31c/24oct03toi1.html

"Airy policies", Business Std (Bombay), 14 October 2003, [C.E31c.], /eldoc/e31c/140cto3bs1.html

Chandrachure Ghose, "10–9, Down To Earth, New Delhi, 15 September 2003, [ C.E31c.], /eldoc/e31c/15sep03dte14.htm

Smog", Down To Earth, New Delhi, 31 August 2003, [C.E31c.], /eldoc/e31c/31aug03dte5.html

"Economic Development and The Urban Environment", The World Economy and The Sources of Urban Environmental Damage, P.4. [ ].

Shali Ittaman, "Cracking Down", The Pioneer, Delhi, 27 October 1998. [C.E34.271098PIO].

Vaishnavi C. Sekhar, "LPG gives them a ticket for a pollution-free ride", The Times of India, Mumbai, 3 October 2002. [C.E31c.031002TOI].


Dilip Chaware, "Water pollution in Maharashtra goes unchecked", The Times of India, Mumbai, 9 January 2002. [C.J33.090102TOI].

 Times News Network  "Avoid Dadar beach for Ganesh immersion: BMC", The Times of India, Mumbai, 21 August 2001. [C.E31b.210801TOI].

Our Correspondent, "Ballast water poses threat to marine ecosystem: Experts", The Asian Age, Mumbai, 03 October 2000. [C.E31b.031000AA].

Reshma Patil, 'City's sea-food aficionadosub troubled waters', Study shows marine animals off Mumbai coast are expossed to rising cadmium and lead levels, The Indian Express, Mumbai, 31 October 2002. [C.E31b.311002IE].

Times News Network, "Mumbaikars are unwilling to shift to eco-friendly idols", The Times of India, Mumbai, 18 September 2002. [C.E31b.180902TOI].

Times News Network, "Aerated lagoons will help curb pollution", The Times of India, Mumbai, 15 July 2002. [C.J33.150702TOI].

Vidyottama Sharma, "Transharbour link chokes Mahim creek, say experts", The Times of India, Mumbai, 30 July 2001. [C.E31b.300701TOI].


Sean Hargrave, " Rubber Roads Reduce Noise", The Times of India, Mumbai, 19 September 1998, [C.E34],  /eldoc/urban_issues/uu1_M043.html
Abs: In the new technique 3mm rubber granules are added to the traditional mix of aggregate and bitumen used to surface roads. The granules are held between the aggregate chips by the bitumen. This I stops the stones rubbing together and creating noise. Instead, the energy of a passing car is absorbed by the rubber...

Monish Gangwani, "Noise Pollution Screams For Attention", The Times of India, Mumbai. 13
January 1998, [C. E34],  /eldoc/urban_issues/uu1_M044.html
Abs: Mumbai is rated as the world’s noisiest city. this means not only that people here are more prone to ear damage, but are also susceptible to headaches, high blood pressure and worse, cardiovascular diseases. But greater awareness and citizens’ initiatives can change this, discovers.

Dr.S.K. Bhattacharya & Dr. S. K. Kashyap, "Studies on Noise Pollution", ICMR Bulletin, New Delhi. August 1996, [C.E34], /eldoc/urban_issues/uu1_M045.html
Abs: Noise is perceived differently by different professionals. The physicist perceives it as sound whose  character can be defined and whose properties can be measured with the same equipment that  measures other sounds. However, the psychologist perceives it as an undesired sound as contrasted  to speech and music which are usually desired sounds'.

Puja Birla, "Noise Unplugged",The Indian Express, Mumbai, 3 October 2000, [C.E34], /eldoc/urban_issues/uu1_M046.html
Abs: The menace of noise pollution can be tackled. All it needs is the concerted efforts of the government, NGOs and community members, reports

"Not So Silent zones", Outlook, New Delhi, 28 September 1998. [C.E34.280998OUT].

Andrew W. Smith, "noise can damage your hearing", World Health, Spetember-October 1998. [C.E34.011098WHO].

Our Legal Reporter, "HC refuses to relax decibel ban for polls", The Telegraph, 22 January 1998. [C.E34.220198TEL].

Swati Bhattacharjee, "The voice of Silence", The Times of India, Mumbai, 12 November 1997.

Our Special Correspondent, "Calcutta says 'no' to noise", The Times of India, 28 October 1997. [C.E34.281097].

A Staff Reporter, 'City results HC ruling on rallies', Esplance traders fear losses, Residents say it's back to square one", The Telegraph, 11 March 1997. [C.E34.110398TEL].

"City Snapshot", Times of India, 19 November 1996. [C.E34.191196TOI].

"City Snapshot", Times of India, 15 November 1996. [C.E34.151196TOI].

"City Snapshot", Times of India, 08 November 1996. [C.E34.081196TOI].

Anita George, "Noise is slowly turning us deaf", The Times of India, 18 August 1996. [C.E34.180896TOI].

Arunabh, "Noisy Times", The Times of India, 13 May 1996. [C.E34.130596TOI].

Nonika Sahgal, "Tune up the silence, tone down the noise", The Times of India, 2 March 1996. [C.E34.020396TOI].

Roshni Olivera, "Turn down the volume, Plead religious heads", The Times of India, Mumbai, 5 September 2000. [C.E34.050900TOI].

Express News Service, 'Implement Noise Pollution Rules', The Indian Express, Mumbai, 11 July 2000. [C.E34.110700IE].

Ch Sushil Rao, "Increasing noise pollution levels threaten charminar", The Times of India,
Mumbai, 9 June 2000. [C.E34.090600TOI].

Dave Aftandilian, "We have a right to silence", The Times of India, 30 March 2000.[C.E34.300300TOI].

"Desi Decibels", The Times of India, Mumbai, 21 February 2000. [C.E34.210200TOI].

Staff Reporter, "Nariman point, Bandra, haji Ali, Saw the Most Firecrackers", The Times of India, 15 November 1999. [C.E34.151199TOI].

Our Special Correspondent, "Bengal bursts Delhi's cracket", The Telegrpah, Calcutta, 5 November 1999. [C.E34.051199TEL].

"MoEF Noise Pollution Notification - Draft for comments", Environment Support Group, New Delhi, 28 June 1999. [C.E34.280699 ].

Vaishnavi C. Sekhar, "With warming falling on deaf ears, noise pollution grips city", The Times of India, Mumbai, 16 August 1999. [C.E34.160899TOI].

Vasundhara Sanger, "SC ruling against noise pollution", The Times of India, 26 October 2000. [C.E34.261000TOI].

H.L. Kapoor, "Cracker ban", The Statesman, Delhi, 18 September 2000. [C.E34.180900ST].

Rajshri Mehta, "Ruckus over notification on use of loudspeakers", The Indian Express, Mumbai, 20 December 2002. [C.E34.201202IE].

Vibha Varshney, "Sentinels of sound", Down To Earth, New Delhi, 15 May 2002.[C.E34.150502DTE].

J. Venkatesan, "Objection to ban on bursting crackers during Diwali", The Hindu, New Delhi, 4 November 2001. [C.E34.041101H].

Anshika Misra, "Anti-noise brigade to drum up support", The Times of India, Mumbai, 9 October 2001. [C.E34.091001TOI].

Ranjit Khomne, "Legal notices sent to police over alleged failure to control noise", The Times of India, 25 August 2001. [C.E34.250801TOI].

Revathy Menon, "Noisy A-Cs rob family of all comfort", The Times of India, Mumbai, 15 August 2001. [C.E34.150801TOI].

Times News Network, "HC admits plea against noise pollution", the Times of India, Mumbai, 8 August 2001. [C.E34.080801TOI].

"Plea on noise pollution admitted", The Indian Express, Mumbai, 7 August 2001. [C.E34.070801IE].

Revathy Menon, "MPCB turns a deaf ear to nose pollution'', The Times of India, Mumbai, 18 July 2001. [C.E34.180701TOI].

B Madhu Gopal, "Schools situated near traffic points block students' growth", The Indian Express, Mumbai, 8 June 2001. [C.E34.080601IE].

Madhulika Singh, 'Surround Sound', Decibel assult makes victims less motivates, The Telegraph, Calcutta, 4 June 2001. [C.E34.040601TEL].

Express News Service, "Bhajan blast protest gets him a bloody lip", The Indian Express, Mumbai, 25 March 2001. [C.E34.250301IE].

Our Health Correspondent, 'Noise above 80 decibels may increase aggressive behaviour', The Times of India, Mumbai, 6 March 2001. [C.E34.060301TOI].

Shoma A. Chatterjee, 'Cut out That Noise', Noise is a slow agent of death. But just what areour regulators doing about it?, The Economic Times, Mumbai, 21 January 2001. [C.E34.210101ET].

"Deafening Decibels", The Times of India, Mumbai, 9 December 2000. [C.E34.091200TOI].

Jim Kelsey, "Fighting Noise Pollution", NEW WAVE, 16 July 1995. [C.E34.160795NEW].

'Noise Pollution Affects Heart'", The Statesman, New Delhi, 4 July 1995. [C.E34.040795ST].

Lynne Edmunds, "Innovative solution to the problem of noise pollution", The Pioneer, New Delhi,10 February 1995. [C.E34.100295PIO].

"Noise Pollution Levels In Asia", The Times of India, Mumbai, 5 August 1993. [C.E34050893TOI].

Shyamal Prasad Choudhury, "Noise Pollution And Its Control", New Wave, 11 July 1993.[C.E34.110793NEW].

Elke Bruser, "Too much noise not only causes illness, it can also impair intellectual powers", The German Tribute, 27 November 1992. [C.E34.271192GRT].

"Silence Please", The Hindu, Madras, 12 August 1992. [C.E34.120892H].

TIMES NEWS NETWORK, "Firecracker noise is within limits: MPCB", Times of India, Bombay, 04 Nov 2003,[C.E34.], /eldoc/e34_/04nov03toi2.html http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com:80/cms.dll/html/uncomp/articleshow?msid=265861

T A Johnson, "Cacophony in the Cities at a Crescendo", CEE-NFS, [C.E34. ].

"Unholy Racket", The Times of India, Mumbai, 8 September 2000. [C.E34.080900OTOI]

Our Health Reporter, "Health File", The Times of India, Mumbai, 10 April 2000.[C.E34.100400TOI].

Roxanne Kavarna, "So much expose... and the police haven't heard it?", The Times of India, Mumbai, 2 April 2000. [C.E34.020400TOI].

Express News Service, "More than information PA system blares din, stress", The Indian Express, 29 December 1999. [C.E34.291299IE].

Vaishnavi C. Sekhar, "State seeks to curb traffic din in Mumbai, The Times of India, Mumbai, 25 March 2003. [C.E34.250303TOI].

Nidhi Jamwal, "Shrill campaign", Down To Earth, New Delhi, 31 August 2002. [C.E34.310802DTE].

Radha Rajadhyaksha, "When law-makers protect law-breakers", The Times of India, Mumbai, 16 September 2001. [C.E34.160901TOI].

Srinivas Iyer, "These kids are into more than Cartoon Network", The Times of India, Mumbai, 29 April 2001. [C.E34.290401TOI].


Vaishnavi C. Sekhar, 'BSES Stalling installation of pollution control unit', The Times of India, Mumbai, 12 December 2002. [C.E31.121202TOI].

VAISHNAVI C. SEKHAR, 'BSES stalling installation of pollution control unit', Times of India, Bombay, 12 Dec 2002, [C.E31], /eldoc/e31_/12dec02toi1.html

A Staff Reporter, 'Revoke Permission Granted to Tata's LNG Project at Trombay', The Timesof India, Mumbai, 16 July 2001. [C.E31.160701TOI].

Vaishnavi C. Sekhar, "Chembur-Trombay residents oppose setting up of LNG Plant", The Times of India, Mumbai, 26 February 2001. [C.E31.260201TOI].

Prafulla Marpakwar, "PIL For Closure of Compost Plant Dismissed", The Indian Express,Mumbai, 30 July 2000. [C.E31.300700IE].

Swati Deshpande, "BSES Challenges order to set up desulphurisation plant", The Times of India, Mumbai, 17 July 2000. [C.E31.170700TOI].
Express News Service, "In Kalina, fresh air becomes fading memory", Indian Express, Bombay,  04 Nov 2003, [C.E31.], /eldoc/e31_/04nov03ie1.html http://cities.expressindia.com/fullstory.php?newsid=67120

"Economic Development and The Urban Environment", The World Economy and The Sources of Urban Environmental Damage, P.4. [ ].


Panjabi, Camellia & Mulla-Feroze,Umaima,"A Comparative Study Of Green Space To Population In The Major Cities of The World", 1983, [C.J33],   /eldoc/urban_issues/uu1_M029.html

Staff Reporter, "KRISS: helping citizens make a difference", The Times of India, Mumbai, 23 January 2001. [C.J33.230101TOI].

Smita Polite, "City's walls get a pasting with illegal poster business", The Times of India, Mumbai, 31 August 2001. [C.J33.310801TOI].

Smita Deshmukh, "Versova Beach In The Dumps", The Times of India, Mumbai, 30 April 2001.

Bernhard Schneider,"THE FUTURE OF PUBLIC SPACE",  06 Nov 2003, [C.J11.], /docsweb/urban-issues/pubspace-ud.html http://www.hpl.nu/offentligarum/public.htm

Diana Lee-Smith and Taranum Chaudhry, "Environmental information for and from children", Entrionment and urbanization, London, October 1990. P27-32. [C. .011090 ].

Vaishnavi C. Sekhar, "Water tunnel project arouses environmentalists' anger", The Times of India, Mumbai, 10 August 2001. [C.J33.100801TOI].

Rekha Dixit, "Rising population, trawling drive marine turtles away from western coast", The Times of India, Mumbai, 12 January 2001. [C.E31b.120101TOI]

Our Correspondent, "College plans survey on Mahim Bay', To help sensitise students onpollution, gain marks", The Asian Age, Mumbai, 27 June 2000. [C.E31b.270600AA].

Mumbaikars have woken up to the danger of losing whatever little open space they have to slums and developers, thanks to the government's new slum rehabilitation policy.
Singh, Anil, "Citizens Will Need Legal Team to Stop Stealing of Public Spaces", The Times of India, Mumbai, 26 March 2001. [C.J33.260301TOI].

List of Books & Reports at CED