A Sharing Session on Urban Agriculture

"Climate Changes Cities - recycle waste, grow food, save water"

 Program held on Friday, 8th August 2008

At Academy of Architecture, Rachna Sansad, Sayani Road, Near Ravindra Natya Mandir, Mumbai


To begin with, CED prepared a fourteen page, notes and      
readings for activist, and social workers, one version of which was printed and      
circulated at the pilot workshop.The notes summarise the impacts, adaptation and      
vulnerability of coastal areas, while also outlining various issues and concepts      
relating to vulnerability, and takes up certain concrete issues that have comes up      
in the recent past which have a bearing on climate change and vulnerabilities of the coastal populations like development pressures      
around mumbai which impact climate change, changing fishing habitat and livelihood, and poor in the cities.

Perspectives on Social Transformation

(a compilation)



Globalisation: Is there an alternative ?

Globalisation - as it is unfolding across the globe - is basically a process of increasing degree of integration of national economies into a global world economy.

Globalisation is not an inevitable process, it is being resisted and there are alternative ways of managing the world's affairs in a just and democratic manner.

 

Read on ...

Gujarat:  Looking Back Looking Forward
THE CARNAGE at Godhra : 27th February 2002

(a compilation of articles)

Read on

ELECTORAL REFORMS IN INDIA



... The growth of a fair democracy depends on fair electoral process.   Though we have had elections and elected representatives regularly there is no doubt that there has always been a flawed electoral process, which is increasingly alienated public-spirited citizens from the whole political and electoral process.   There are issues to be be addressed like preventing money power, muscle power, organised rigging, eliminating bogus votes and errors in electoral rolls. etc  There are also issues which relate to the internal democracy in political parties, measures to limit campaign expenditure, issue of voters identity cards and integration of the electronic revolution in the electoral process ...

 

Read  on ...

THE LONG HAUL

on the Mumbai textile workers strike



On 18th January 1982 the two and a half lakh workers of Bombay's 60 textile mills went on strike.  For the next 18 months they defied all predictions of early defeat.   Disregarding conventional wisdom they refused to retreat.  This effort resulted in the biggest and longest strike in the history of India.

Yet, a struggle of such magnitude rapidly faded from popular memory. Those who remembered dismissed it as a failure.  But was it a failure?

This is the story of thousands who once stood on the threshold of a new tomorrow and dreamt about changing destiny.  It is an account of  why the struggle was waged and how the dream faded but survived.

 

Read  On ..

WOMEN WORKERS

(a compilation of articles)



* Introduction
* Constitution of India
* National Guidelines in India - Government
* Relevant International Instruments Ratified or Acceded to by India
* A Brief Note On Labour Legislation In India
* Women Workers & Law
* Policy and Law Relating to Women's rights at the Workplace
* Critical areas of concern and recommendations for Legal Interventions
* Rights of women at workplace: The legal regime in India at a glance-Table
*  Legislation relating to creches
* Types of Women Workers
* Women Workers - Worked related health problems
* Schemes for Women-Workers
* Self Help Groups (SHG)
* Other articles related to women workers
* CED Catalogue Search/Other articles related to Women Workers

 

Read On ..


LABOUR LAWS IN INDIA


A Collection of Bare Acts of the Labour Laws in India

Read On

RAPE

(a compilation of articles )



Rape is not just a crime- it is a sacrilege to the dignity of womanhood. The Indian Law on rape is essentially a law which looks at the issue of rape from the male viewpoint. In other words, it is lacking in sensitivity to the cry of women for justice and compassion and understanding. Rarely does a woman who is raped, report to the police. One has only to read the law on rape, and to witness the treatment meted out by the police officials, to understand why this is so.

What constitutes the crime of Rape?
According to Section 375of the IPC, when a man has sexual intercourse with a woman.........

* against her will ;
* with her consent, when her consent has been obtained by putting her/any person in whom she is interested, in fear of death or hurt;
* with her consent, when he by deception, makes her believe that he is her lawful husband;
* with her consent, given on account of her unsoundness of mind, or intoxication, which she is incapable of understanding the consequences of her consent; or
* with or without her consent, when she is under sixteen years of age;....he is said to have committed rape. ..

 

Read on ..

POLITCS of COTTON & GANDHIAN ECONOMICS

(a compilation of articles )


... 1998 was marked by suicides of over 300 cotton farmers in Andhra Pradesh. This raises a lot questions about the sustainability of cotton farming. Causes of these disastrous deaths have been analysed in terms of failure of extension mechanisms, unavailability of credit, and specific conditions of Andhra Pradesh ...

This Digest is the Politics of Cotton in relation to the Gandhian views on Science and Technology

 

Read on ...

SEXUAL HARASSMENT

(a compilation of articles)


... why women are sexually harassed at the work place, what are the behaviours that they are subjected to that constitutes sexual harassment and how it affected their work situation. Women now have begun discussing this issue and fighting for their rights. ...

* How is it defined ?
* The Supreme Court Judgement (in the Vishaka Case)
* Guidelines given in the Judgement
* How the Guidelines compare with International norms
* Sexual Harassment cases in India and court responses
* Sexual Harassment at the work place and the difference made by the Judgement
* Effects of Sexual Harassment on Women
* Trade Union Responsibility towards Women Workers
* Strategies for handling Sexual Harassment
* Exisiting Laws in India which can be used in cases of Sexual Harassment
* Minutes of the National Consultation held on April 03, 2003 to discuss the draft Bill on Sexual Harassment of Women at their Work Place (Prevention) Bill
* Draft Policy to deal and prevent Sexual Harassment in Universities
* Proposed Draft Bill on Sexual Assault
* The Do's and Don'ts of Sexual Harassment complaints Committees
* Other Articles

Read on ..

PRIMARY EDUCATION


This is a discussion on the
STATUS OF ELEMENTARY EDUCATION IN INDIA
UNIVERSALISATION OF ELEMENTARY EDUCATION
EDUCATION GUARANTEE SCHEME  OF  MADHYA PRADESH
ELEMENTARY EDUCATION AND CHILD LABOUR

 

Read on...

CASTE AND RACE


CED brought out a compilation of articles to coincide with  the  World Conference gainst Racisim Conference held at Durban between 31st Aug - 07 Sept 2001. The articles covers the anthropological and sociological perspective, the European and Brahminical perspective and a Dalit and an alternative perspectives on the issue of Caste as a form of racial discrimination:  Read on ...

RIGHT TO INFORMATION

(a compilation of Articles)


A man had applied for an electric connection way back in 1998. Though the relevant laws specify that the connection must be provided within 30 days, he had not got a connection even till 2002, though many of his relatives and neighbours, who had applied much later, had already got connections. This was mainly because he refused to pay the bribes that were demanded. In 2002 he filed an application under the RTI Act, asking for a report of the progress on his application and identification and punishment of those officers who had delayed action on his application. His connection was fixed within ten days of his asking for this information!!

 

Read On ..

IT REVOLUTION AND DEVELOPMENT IN INDIA


This is a compilation of the various references on IT revolution in India.  This compilation also looks at the IT in the context of "Development".  The reference expose how social development has to be redefined in the wake of information thechnology revolution.

There is a small note of free software movement on what is called the GNU Project.

Read On ..

Water
Privatisation and the Right to Water
(Compiled  by Raajen Singh, 2004)
"The day is not far off, when water will cost more than oil",
thundered a Syrian delegate at the first UN World Conference on Water and Sanitation in 1977.

Read on...

ADIVASIS  and  FORESTS

Research and Documented by Ronald L Rebellow (CED Scholar 2005)

Though the Adivasis are the first settlers, it is ironic that they are the very ones who have been asked today to prove their domicile over the country's forests.  Never has history looked at their culture or their connection with forests from the Adivasi perspective. Rather, society has looked at forests as a patch of greenery that is "to be kept" bereft of human presence and only to be enjoyed as a leisure environment. Now, forests are being denied to the very people who survive on them, just like a child on mother's milk, but forest lodges are given to Corporates to have their weekly meetings. How is it that the forest department makes a ruckus over a few Adivasi fisherfolk fishing for their livelihood in Satpura National park, but doesn't raise a whimper over the intention of the MP government to open beer bars and a casino inside a sanctuary? Could there be a bigger irony and such disparity within the human society?  Humans are the only species which torment their fellow beings for pleasure or greed.

Read on.....

ADIVASIS  and  FORESTS
Adivasis and forests - is a topic that is simple, yet complex to understand.  An Adivasi - Forest relation will never be wholly comprehensible to this writer or to even the best anthropologist, but only to the Adivasis.

Though the Adivasis are the first settlers, it is ironic that they are the very ones who have been asked today to prove their domicile over the country's forests.  Never has history looked at their culture or their connection with forests from the Adivasi perspective. Rather, society has looked at forests as a patch of greenery that is "to be kept" bereft of human presence and only to be enjoyed as a leisure environment. Now, forests are being denied to the very people who survive on them, just like a child on mother's milk, but forest lodges are given to Corporates to have their weekly meetings. How is it that the forest department makes a ruckus over a few Adivasi fisherfolk fishing for their livelihood in Satpura National park, but doesn't raise a whimper over the intention of the MP government to open beer bars and a casino inside a sanctuary? Could there be a bigger irony and such disparity within the human society?  Humans are the only species which torment their fellow beings for pleasure or greed.

DEVELOPMENT-INDUCED DISPLACEMENT

Compiled by Mr.Amit Yadav

In the contemporary world defining development has been a quagmire, which requires familiarity not only with the colloquialisms but also with the inconsistencies, ambiguities and paradoxes attached to the notion of development. This paper is an effort to understand the dilemma of development-induced displacement, the question of rehabilitation, resettlement, and reparation, in the process, trying to draw useful and legitimate distinctions between the `mainstream development' and the `alternative approach to development'.

The study is focused on the larger issues involved in development projects, making a comparative cost benefit analysis of the development on the social and individual welfare and the long term impact thereon. The paper envisages an insight to the development induced displacement concentrating specifically on the physical forms of development, i.e. projects which require land expropriation and call for displacement by decree.

noticeably, such catastrophic development projects cause upheaval and displacement of communities, the paper scrutinizes such projects, including Dams, Industrialization, Mining (natural resource extraction), Distributive policies, and other Mega infrastructural projects, besides the lop-sided Disaster Management and reconstruction programs that cause misery to the masses in case of Natural disaster, looking on to the greater policy issues related to displacement, rehabilitation and the consequences thereof, especially on the vulnerable groups.

 

Read on....

The study on
"LOCATING A BLOG AGAINST STREET SEXUAL  HARASSMENT WITHIN THE LARGER FRAMEWORK OF THE FEMINIST MOVEMENT IN INDIA."

October 2006

A study supported and sponsored by the Centre for Education and Documentation, Bangalore,
under its Outreach Scholarship programme.

compiled by Ratna Appnender


Introduction

 

Through this paper I intend to do a comparative study of sorts between the Vishaka judgment on Sexual Harassment and the movement’s preceding and following it and the Blanknoise project. At the outset I think these two “women's movements” are very different in nature which makes a direct comparison impossible. The Vishaka case was a result of the country wide and specifically Delhi and Rajasthan based agitation against rape cases, while the Blanknoise Project was a personal response to a 19 year old woman’s everyday experiences of being sexually harassed on the street. Due to the reasons behind their foundation the movement’s themselves have taken very different forms.

I have tried to illustrate the nature of both these movement’s by looking at the history of the women's movement in order to trace the changes it has gone through and then proceed to look at the Blanknoise project in terms of a “women’s movement” using this history and the Vishaka agitation in order to locate this project within the larger framework of the women’s movement. I have looked at the women's movement with the sole purpose of examining the nature of the Blanknoise project.

Contents

What our Brightest Youngsters think !
In the Year 2006 :
A selection of Projects done by students

 

Read on....

A Docweb ( Web-Links to Documents ) on the range of practices seeking tobuild a sustainable habitat. The topics includes SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURE, URBAN AGRICULTURE, SECURING SHELTER, ECOLOGICAL  TOURISM, WATER etc.

Read on....

Readings & Documentation for NGOs & Activists
ON EDUCATION

 

 

 

This is a set of reading material ON EDUCATION , for NGOs and Activists. It is both a reference as well as a resource guide.

The sources include newspapers clippings, government documents, as well as extracts from Books and Journal articles.

The critical information has been digitised and is available in this WEBSITE/CD. However the full books as well as the video and teaching materials referred to are available at CED.

 

(Click here to view the full Docsweb)


Laurie Baker
The Gandhi of Architecture

 

(Click here to view the full docseb)

Understanding Caste System
A Survey of Popular Writings on Caste Violence

 

Abstract


Our contemporary understanding of caste violence is afflicted to a great extent by our faulty and unscientific understanding of the caste system in India. As a consequence, this essay argues, we have not been able to even understand the nature of the violence in our society, leave alone finding solutions for it. The nature of the writings on caste, which this essay ies to analyse, confirms this fact.

The dearth of our understanding of the so called ‘caste violence’ in our society is evident nowhere as clearly as in the reports produced by the NGOs and the committees/commissions appointed by the state governments in India on the atrocities on the Dalits. This research makes a survey of these reports and other popular writings such as articles published in magazines, newsletters, and newspapers, and other documents produced for private circulation by various governmental and non-governmental agencies. This survey tries to show that in the future only if we breakup the explanatory cluster called caste theories we will be able to deal with some of the atrocities and violence in our society, in a better way.
The Docsweb was compiled by Dunkin Jalki, under CED'sOutreach Scholarship programme. October 2006

IMPACT OF PRIVATISATION OF LAKES IN BANGALORE

The Lake Development Authority, rather than focusing on the functions laid out in its MoA, seems intent on leasing out lakes in Bangalore to commercial, profit centric bodies, in the name of development and maintenance. The private organisations to whom the lakes are being leased out to are using these common property resources for commercial/profit making purposes without any consideration for the traditional uses of the lake as well as the environment! Read on